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Igduden n Tefriqt

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Imedyazen

Tafriqt ...
d agaraw n yegduden

Tafriqt … anwa ur nessin ara Tafriqt ? Tafriqt d yiwen seg yimenz’awen umi mechur’ yisem deg umad’al. Me‚na, medden ur tt-ssinen ara dima s wayen yelhan. At’as n medden deg umad’al ur ssinen ara ghef Tefriqt lh’adja tameqrant, ttxayalen-tt d akal anda ay yeqwa ccwal akk d yimenghi, d akal kan anda ay ttmettaten yigerdan si laz’ yernu qwan deg-s wadd’anen, d akal n lqella n cci anda medden akk d igellilen. Maca Tafriqt maci ala d anect-a. Tafriqt ttettcur’ d igduden, d agaraw, d lebh’er’ n yegduden negh n ledjnas, yal yiwen s tutlayt-is, s yedles d umezruy-yines. Ar ass-a wer‚ad ssinen yimassanen akk tutlayin ay ttmeslayen di Tefriqt, negh wer‚ad ay tent-ghrin merr’a akken ilaq lh’al. Ar ass-a, wer‚ad ur ssinen ara yimassanen le‚wayed d yidelsan n yegduden merr’a ay izedghen Tafriqt, wer‚ad ur d-lqid’en ara seg-sen akk ayen ime‚nen, tamussni-nsen d wayen yeffren deg yidelsan-nsen. Ass-a, mi akka ara tkeccem tetrara gher yal amkan, gher yal tah’nact di ddunit, at’as seg yegduden n Tefriqt ara yesr’uh’uyen le‚wayed d yidelsan-nsen, yernu yessefk ghef yimassanen ad rren ddhen-nsen gher waya uqbel ma ifat lh’al. Tafriqt tefka-d at’as i ddunit, ama s tmussni-yines, ama s wayen ay tes‚a d cci, ama d akal, ama d imdanen. Ass-a, ur yessefk ara ad qqnen medden allen-nsen ghef waya. Xas ma yella lbat’el-nni yettwaxedmen deg Yefriqiyen, di tallit n tehrest (listi‚mar’) i‚edda, yekfa, medden yessefk ad walin Tafriqt ad as-rren tajmilt i Tefriqt u ad tt-walin s wallen nnid’en, yessefk ad gren tamawt i wayen d-tefka i ddunit, i ddur’ ay tel‚eb deg umezruy n umad’al u ad gren tamawt digh i wayen ara d-tettak Tefriqt ass-a akk d yigerwaj ay d-mazal ffren deg-s.

 

Adeg-agi n internet nesbedd-it-id i wakken ad d-yefk isallen ghef yegduden n Tefriqt. Yugh lh’al, d lmuh’al ad d-nemmeslay ghef wakk igduden yettidiren deg umenz’aw-agi amer’kanti, d acu kan, nebgha ad d-nefk i medden, xas s tewzel, kra n yisallen ara ten-yeddjen ad issinen xir Tafriqt akk d yimezdaghen-is.

Imasayen, Kenya

 

Igduden n Tefriqt tt’uqten maci d kra, seg Yimazighen gher Yimas’riyen n wass-a, arraw n Yimas’riyen iqburen, gher Yinubiyen d Yityupiyen, gher Yiwulufen d Yizuluten. Ulac amkan ur ne‚mir’ ara di Tefriqt. Qrib yal tamurt tes‚a timerwin (dizaines) n yegduden, merr’a s‚an tutlayin-nsen, le‚wayed d yidelsan-nsen d wat’as n tghawsiwin nnid’en ara yelmed fell-asen umad’al.

 

Timazighin n Wenz'ul n Merr'uk

 

Deg Ugafa n Tefriqt, imezdaghen ines’liyen d Imazighen, d nitni ay d amur ameqran deg yimezdaghen n Tmazgha, xas ma yella at’as deg-sen ass-a la ttmeslayen ta‚r’abt. Imazighen h’err’en-d akal d ameqran, yewwet seg wemda n Siwa, deg Utaram (lgherb) n Mas’er alamma alamma d Targa Zewwaghen d Murit’anya, ghef yiri n ugaraw At’lasi. Yugh lh’al, d Imazighen ay d agdud n Tefriqt awh’id ay d-ih’err’en anect-agi n wakal, imi amur ameqran deg yegduden ifriqiyen nnid’en, tikwal s‚an kan akal d amect’uh’, tikwal bitt, cerken-t akk d yegduden nnid’en. Imazighen ttuneh’saben d agdud n yiri (race) amellal, xas ma yella nettaf gar-asen at’as n yimibriken d yiberkanen. At’as n Yimazighen ay d-mazal la ttmeslayen tamazight, yernu deg yiseggasen-agi ineggura, at’as n trebba‚ timazighin ay d-yennulfan i wakken ad wwtent u ad h’erzent tutlayt-nsent. Xas ma yella tantalyin (dialectes) ay ttmeslayen Yimazighen mxallafent si tama gher tayed’, maca kkant-d akk seg yiwen n uz’ar, seg yiwet n tutlayt, yernu yeshel ghef wat’as n trebba‚ timazighin ad msefhament wagar-asent s tutlayt-nsent, xas ma yella mxallafent tentalyin-nsent. Imazighen mazal tt’fen deg wat’as n wansayen (l‚addat), ladgha wid yettidiren di Merr’uk akk d Unez’ruf (ss’eh’ra), d acu kan, ass-a, at’as n wansayen imazighen ay yellan ghef yiri n nnger, la ten-ttaddjan medden yernu ur d asen-ttgen ara leqrar. Nnig waya, ula d tutlayt tamazight la tettughal gher deffir deg wat’as n tmiwa n Tmazgha, medden la tt-ttaddjan, ilmez’yen ur a ttlemmden ara, dgha yessefk ad yettwaxdem kra n leqdic s lh’ir i lmend n ussukkes n tutlayt di tmiwa-ya.

 

 

Agrud n Yifulaten, di Mali

 

Akal n Yimazighen, seg wakken meqqer alamma ay yewwed’ gher wul n Tefriqt. D Imuhagh negh Imucagh ay d tarba‚t n Yimazighen ay yes‚an akal meqqren akk, xas akken ur tt’uqqten ara. Akal-nsen d Anez’ruf (Idurar n Tasili, n Ayer di Niger, atg.), yernu imi ay zgan lehh’un, ttr’uh’un nitni d lmal-nsen seg wemkan gher wayed’, wwd’en gher wat’as n tmiwa di Tefriqt. Imuhagh xuld’en at’as n yegduden ifriqiyen ay ten-id-iqerben, nitni fkan-asen u wwin-d at’as seg-sen. Ass-a, nezmer ad naf Imuhagh di Niger d Mali, am wakken ay nezmer ad naf kra n trebba‚-nsen di Tcad, Burkina Faso akk d Nigeria. Deg wenz’ul n Unez’ruf (Niger akk d Mali), at’as n yegduden ifriqiyen ay yettidiren gher tama n Yimuhagh, nezmer ad d-nebder seg-sen Ibambar’aten, Ifular’en akk d Yisar’akuliyen. Kra seg yegduden-agi kessen lmal am Yimuhagh, di lweqt i deg wiyad’ xeddmen tafellah’t. Yugh lh’al, akal n wenz’ul n Unez’ruf  ‚eddan deg-s yisafen, d aya ay t-yerran d agilal, meh’sub yelha i tfellah’t. Nnig waya, isafen n tama-yagi ldin digh iberdan i wat’as n yegduden i wakken ad xeddmen tanezzawt (ttjar’a), ad znuzun u ad ttaghen d yegduden merr’a ay ten-id-iqerben. Idyulaten n Burkina Faso, CŰte d’Ivoire akk d Senegal d yiwen seg yegduden n Tefriqt Tagherbit ay yettwassnen s tnezzawt.

 

Itubuten, Tcad 

 

Di lgherb, igduden ay yettidiren ghef yiri n Ugaraw At’lasi lhan-d s wat’as d ss’yada n yiselman. Imurit’aniyen (las’el-nsen d Imazighen) d yegduden n yiri n lebh’er’ n Senegal ttwassnen s ss’yada. Di Tefriqt Tagherbit llant wat’as n tmura yes‚an tiz’egwa timeqranin. D acu kan, tiz’egwa n Tefriqt ‚emr’ent. Zik, igduden ay izedghen tiz’egwa-yagi llan la ttidiren s ss’yada n yighersiwen d tukksa n wayen ay d-yettak wakal. Ass-a, at’as deg yegduden-agi ay yeddjan aya. Di tmiwa-yagi digh, igduden Ifriqiyen sbedden-d at’as n tgeldiyin (royaumes), yernu asmi ay bdan la d-ttawd’en Wuru’fiyen gher Tefriqt, di lqern wis 15, at’as si tgeldiyin-agi ay yellan la xeddment tanezzawt (ttjar’a) d Wur’ufiyen. Tageldit n Ghana (ay d-sbedden Wacantiyen) tella tettwassen s ddheb-yines, yernu at’as n tgeldiyin tifriqiyin n tama-yagi ay yellan la znuzuyent aklan (ay d-ttatt’afent si tmiwa nnid’en) i Wur’ufiyen i wakken ad ten-awin ad ten-sxedmen di Marikan. Yugh lh’al, amur ameqran deg yiberkanen yellan ass-a di Marikan las’el-nsen si Tefriqt Tagherbit. 

 

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