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Taftilt
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At'as n medden, mi ara d asen-d-nebder isem n Tasmanya, ttmektayan-d aghersiw-nni (animal) aweh'ci itetten kulci, win umi qqaren "ccit'an n Tasmanya", ay yughalen mechur' deg wunughen iteddun (dessins animťs) imarikaniyen. Di tidet, Tasmanya d yiwet n tegzirt ay yugaren kan s cwitt' Virginia Tagherbit [di Marikan, imi Tasmanya tes‚a 67.000 km2] yernu teb‚ed 240 km ghef yiri n lebh'er' n wenz'ul agmud'an (sud-est) n Ustr'alya. Imezdaghen ines'liyen n tegzirt-a d iberkanen ay d-yusan gher din asmi ay d-mazal Tasmanya yeqqen-itt wakal akk d Ustr'alya, meh'sub wer‚ad tughal d tigzirt. Iberkanen ines'liyen n Tasmanya llan s‚an acebbub akertcettcay yernu llan deg-sen wid yes‚an aglim d aberkan d wid yes‚an aglim d aqehwi imalen gher tezwegh. Llan d iwezlanen citt'ah' yernu d ikenderracen (s‚an citt' n tassemt di tfekka, wwin-d iman-nsen). D nitni ay d imezdaghen imenza akk n Tasmanya, yernu ma cwit', s‚an 35000 n yiseggasen aya! kka seg wasmi ay bdan yimezwura-nsen a d-wwd'en gher din. Asmi i‚edda zzman, yuli lebh'er' yernu ighumm tiqent'ert-nni n wakal ay yeqqnen Tasmanya gher Ustr'alya, dgha seg yimir-n ay qqimen yimezdaghen n Tasmanya ttwa‚ezlen ghef wemd'al azal n 10.000 n yiseggasen, yernu werdjin yelli wegdud ay yeddren i yiman-is anect-agi akk deg umezruy n yemdanen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nesh'issif at'as imi imezdaghen n Tasmanya ur d-ddjin ara amezruy yuran. Ur nez'ri ara amek ay llan ssawalen i yiman-nsen negh i tmurt-nsen. Ay gh-d-yeqqimen seg-sen ass-a ala kan d iceqfan mezz'iyen n yisallen, d ifettiten kan n yedrizen (traces) akk d wayen d-uran Wur'ufiyen ay yebdan ttawd'en-d gher tegzirt-a si 1642 d asawen.

Iberkanen di Tasmanya :

Iserwen n Tasmanya llan d imdanen yettidiren s ss'yada akk d welqad' n wayen i d-yettak wakal akk d ttcjur', yernu ttawil ay sseqdacen di tudert-nsen d ah'erfi imi Itasmaniyen llan xeddmen-d kan citt'ah' n wallalen (instruments) d ih'erfiyen s wez'ru akk d wesghar, yernu llan ur ssinen tafellah't wala takessawt, ur s‚in afexxar wala tigenziwin (arcs) d tneccabin (flŤches) ara sqedcen i ss'yada.

D acu kan, iberkanen n Tasmanya llan d wid yesqe‚den mlih' timetti-nsen (sociťtť), dgha llan ttidiren s yinim (coutume). Ghur-sen, argaz akk d tmett'ut d jjwadj ay ten-yesdukulen di tudert, dgha ttidiren akken di tmetti. Anect-a yezmer ad agh-yeddj ad nxemmem d akken d imawlan ay yettd'ebbiren deg-s, maca di tidet, ur nessin ara at'as n tghawsiwin ghef temsalt-a.

Ghef wakken nessen, argaz akk d tmett'ut mi ara jewdjen ghur-sen, ttghimin akken alamma s teghzi n tudert-nsen, yernu qlil kan sandi ay yettagh wergaz ghur-sen ugar n yiwet n tmett'ut. Igerdan-nsen llan ttabdaden-asen mlih' yernu ttaken-asen at'as n tayri. Ula d imgharen llan thellayen deg-sen di twacult yernu igerdan-nsen ttkemmilen tett'd'en seg uyefki n yemma-tsen ugar n wanect tett'd'en yigerdan Ur'ufiyen.

Beddu n nnger n yiberkanen : 

A‚zal-nni ay ttwa‚ezlen Yiserwen n Tasmanya ifuk di 1642, asmi ay d-wwd'en Wur'ufiyen imezwura gher tegzirt-agi. Abel Jansen Tasman, ahulandi-nni imsilel (navigateur) i ghef semman tigzirt-agi, yewwed'-d ghur-s di Dujember' n 1642. Tasman isemma-yas i tegzirt-agi Akal n Van Diemen, ghef yisem n Anthony Van Diemen, imd'ebber ameqqran n Tkebbanit Tahulandit di Lhend Tacerqit. Dgha seg yimir-n ay tughal tegzirt-agi ssawalen-as Akal n Van Diemen alammi d 1855.

Deg wass n 5 Meghres, 1772, tewwed'-d yiwet n terba‚t n Yefr'ensisen gher tegzirt-a, win yellan ghef uqerru-nsen isem-is Nicholas Marion Du Fresne. Di citt'ah' kan n sswaye‚, ssawd'en yewlalen-is (marins) ad nghen ach'al n Yiserwen n Tasmanya. Di 28 Yennayer, 1777, wwd'en-d Yebrit'aniyen gher tegzirt-a. Dgha di 1803, mbe‚d ma rran yiwet n tama di Ustr'alya, Gal Tamaynut n Wenz'ul (Nouvelle-Galles du Sud) d tama i gher neffun imeh'bas n tmurt-nsen akken ad ten-qasen, rnan ula d Tasmanya rran-tt akkenni.

Imeh'bas-nni yer'wan lh'if ughalen ula d nitni we‚r'en maci d kra. Gher tama n yiserdasen, inedbalen (administrateurs) akk d yemseghdaden (missionnaires), ugar n 65.000 n yergazen akk d tilawin, d imeh'bas akk d tmeh'bas, ay d-wwin si Legliz gher Tasmanya. D acu kan, imi di tkurmutin-nni (leh'bas) i gher ay ten-id-wwin ur teqwi ara t‚essast, llan ttaddjan imeh'bas-nni ad rewlen gher lexlawi n Tasmanya, dgha d anect-nni ay yeddjan imdanen-agi ifuden idammen ad d-ssuffghen tiqqid't n wefwad-nsen deg yimezdaghen iberkanen n tegzirt-agi. Ghef leh'sab n unmezray (historien) n tmetti, Clive Turnbull, imenghayen-agi (criminels) llan "neqqen Iserwen n Tasmanya s rrs'as', am wakken ay llan ttfelliqen-asen iqerray-nsen, sserghayen-ten d imuddiren yernu ttqeddiren-ten akken ad ten-fken d aksum i yid'an".

Ccwat'en n Tasmanya igan amzun d imdanen :

Si 1804 d asawen, bdan Yebrit'aniyen a neqqen iberkanen n Tasmanya d tirni negh a ten-ttakren akken ad ten-rren d aklan. Ula d anabad' (gouvernement) abrit'ani s timmad-is ur yebghi ara ad iwali Itasmaniyen ines'liyen d imdanen n tidet, yernu imassanen bdan, di tallit-nni, a ttmeslayen d akken tagherma (civilisation) ts'eggmen imdanen d iswiren (niveaux), dgha, di lweqt i deg d Imellalen ay yellan ghef taqacuct n tgherma, iberkanen amkan-nsen d win yellan ukessar akk. Ur'ufiyen n Tasmanya llan ttwalin iberkanen d tighawsiwin is'elh'en kan akken ad tent-sqedcen i les'lah'-nsen s wacemma n rr'eh'ma --dgha lbat'el i d-yed'ran yid-sen d ayen ur yezmir ad t-ixayel wab‚ad' d akken zemren ad t-xedmen yemdanen i wiyad'. Dgha yenna-d deg wanect-a yiwen n uselmad di UCLA*, Jared Diamond : "Akken ad d-s'eggden Itasmaniyen, llan [Wur'ufiyen] ttazzalen deffir-nsen s yegmaren (i‚ewdiwen) akken ad ten-nghen s rrs'as', ttandin-asen ticr'ektin (tifexxtin) akken ad ten-tt'fent, yernu srusuyen-asen lfar'ina n ssem anda ay zemren ad tt-afen u ad tt-ttcen. Imeksawen llan teddzen (castrer) irgazen Itasmaniyen, sakin berrun-asen ad azzlen akken ad ten-walin mi ara mmten citt'ah' meb‚id. Ma deg yiwet n tighilt, qqaren-as Mount Victory, imennekcamen nghan 30 n Yitasmaniyen yernu d'eggren tifekkiwin-nsen d takessart. Yiwwas, yiwet n terba‚t n yemsulta (policiers) nghan 70 n Yitasmaniyen yernu fellqen-asen iqerray-nsen i yigerdan-nni i d-yeqqimen". [*UCLA : University of California, Los Angeles]

Tighawsiwin-agi icemten, tiweh'ciyin ay llan xeddmen-tent yimennekcamen imellalen deg Yitasmaniyen maci yiwwas, maci sin ay d-d'rant wanag d anect-a ay yellan id'erru-d yal ass. Yernu xas akken imellalen ra‚en, ttcan ddunit deg wayen xeddmen mgal n yiberkanen, qlil kan sandi ay ttqasan amellal ghef lbat'el ara yes‚eddi deg uberkan. Ghef umedya, h'kan-d d akken yiwwas yettwah'bek (fouetter) yiwen n wergaz imi ay d-yessken imezz'ughen akk d yeh'ricen nnid'en n tfekka n yiwen n weqdic aberkan ay i‚eyyeb netta yedder. Ma d yiwen n Ur'ufi nnid'en, yettuweddeb (punir) imi ay s-yegzem tad'ad'ect-is i yiwen n Wesrew yernu yerra-tt d tas'effayt i ddexxan-yines. Dgha lqanun yenna-d d akken "win ara yeqqnen tamett'ut tatasmanit gher ttcejr'a u ad tt-yessergh s usaghur negh win ara ih'ettmen tamett'ut tatasmanit ad t‚elleq aqerru n wergaz-is yettwanghan" ad t-h'ebken xemsa d ‚ecrin n yiberdan.

D acu kan, wedjin yettuweddeb ula d yiwen n Wur'ufi ghef tmenghiwt n Yiserwen n Tasmanya. Ur'ufiyen ur llin tth'ulfun i wacemma mi ara qqnen argaz aberkan gher ttcejr'a yernu ad t-sqedcen akken ad lemden deg-s tiyita n rrs'as'. Ma d tilawin tiberkanin llan ttakren-tent, ttarzen-tent yernu sseqdacen-tent d taklatin. Imeh'bas imellalen rran ss'yada n yiberkanen d addal, dgha neqqen-ten s rrs'as' negh s yimeggiten (lances), am wakken ay llan kkaten irgazen-nsen s yi‚ekzan alamma mmuten, s‚ettiben tilawin yernu tekksen fell-asent sser, yernu sserghayen igerdan imez'yanen n yiberkanen nitni d imuddiren. Deg wanect-a, yura-d wenmezray James Morr